You can interact with Reth over JSON-RPC. Reth supports all standard Ethereum JSON-RPC API methods.

JSON-RPC is provided on multiple transports. Reth supports HTTP, WebSocket and IPC (both UNIX sockets and Windows named pipes). Transports must be enabled through command-line flags.

The JSON-RPC APIs are grouped into namespaces, depending on their purpose. All method names are composed of their namespace and their name, separated by an underscore.

Each namespace must be explicitly enabled.


The methods are grouped into namespaces, which are listed below:

ethThe eth API allows you to interact with Ethereum.Maybe
web3The web3 API provides utility functions for the web3 client.No
netThe net API provides access to network information of the node.No
txpoolThe txpool API allows you to inspect the transaction pool.No
debugThe debug API provides several methods to inspect the Ethereum state, including Geth-style traces.No
traceThe trace API provides several methods to inspect the Ethereum state, including Parity-style traces.No
adminThe admin API allows you to configure your node.Yes
rpcThe rpc API provides information about the RPC server and its modules.No

Note that some APIs are sensitive, since they can be used to configure your node (admin), or access accounts stored on the node (eth).

Generally, it is advisable to not expose any JSONRPC namespace publicly, unless you know what you are doing.


Reth supports HTTP, WebSockets and IPC.


Using the HTTP transport, clients send a request to the server and immediately get a response back. The connection is closed after the response for a given request is sent.

Because HTTP is unidirectional, subscriptions are not supported.

To start an HTTP server, pass --http to reth node:

reth node --http

The default port is 8545, and the default listen address is localhost.

You can configure the listen address and port using --http.addr and --http.port respectively:

reth node --http --http.addr --http.port 12345

To enable JSON-RPC namespaces on the HTTP server, pass each namespace separated by a comma to --http.api:

reth node --http --http.api eth,net,trace

You can pass the all option, which is a convenient wrapper for the all the JSON-RPC namespaces admin,debug,eth,net,trace,txpool,web3,rpc on the HTTP server:

reth node --http --http.api all
reth node --http --http.api All

You can also restrict who can access the HTTP server by specifying a domain for Cross-Origin requests. This is important, since any application local to your node will be able to access the RPC server:

reth node --http --http.corsdomain https://mycoolapp.rs

Alternatively, if you want to allow any domain, you can pass *:

reth node --http --http.corsdomain "*"


WebSockets is a bidirectional transport protocol. Most modern browsers support WebSockets.

A WebSocket connection is maintained until it is explicitly terminated by either the client or the node.

Because WebSockets are bidirectional, nodes can push events to clients, which enables clients to subscribe to specific events, such as new transactions in the transaction pool, and new logs for smart contracts.

The configuration of the WebSocket server follows the same pattern as the HTTP server:

  • Enable it using --ws
  • Configure the server address by passing --ws.addr and --ws.port (default 8546)
  • Configure cross-origin requests using --ws.origins
  • Enable APIs using --ws.api


IPC is a simpler transport protocol for use in local environments where the node and the client exist on the same machine.

The IPC transport is enabled by default and has access to all namespaces, unless explicitly disabled with --ipcdisable.

Reth creates a UNIX socket on Linux and macOS at /tmp/reth.ipc. On Windows, IPC is provided using named pipes at \\.\pipe\reth.ipc.

You can configure the IPC path using --ipcpath.

Interacting with the RPC

One can easily interact with these APIs just like they would with any Ethereum client.

You can use curl, a programming language with a low-level library, or a tool like Foundry to interact with the chain at the exposed HTTP or WS port.

As a reminder, you need to run the command below to enable all of these APIs using an HTTP transport:

reth node --http --http.api "admin,debug,eth,net,trace,txpool,web3,rpc"

This allows you to then call:

cast block-number
cast rpc admin_nodeInfo
cast rpc debug_traceTransaction
cast rpc trace_replayBlockTransactions